Cattaraugus County Civil War Minorities
07-01-2015, Exclusively for cattcomemorial.com by CAMP Historian, Mark Dunkelman.
Almost 3,500 men served in the Civil War from Cattaraugus County. The majority of them were native-born Americans of British ancestry, but there were substantial numbers of immigrants from Ireland, Germany, and other European countries. Racial minorities, however, were far fewer. These lists are drawn from the rosters published in Franklin Ellis, editor, History of Cattaraugus County, New York (Philadelphia: L. H. Everts, 1879), and William Adams, editor, The Historical Gazetteer and Biographical Memorial of Cattaraugus County, New York. Syracuse: Lyman, Horton and Co., 1893). They most likely are incomplete. For example, three privates of Company B of the 154th New York—Ransom Russell, Abraham Wright, and Ora Wright—were of mixed race and could be added to the list of African Americans. The larger number of Native Americans reflects the presence in Cattaraugus County of the Seneca Indian Allegany Reservation, which accounts for the enlistment of Native Americans in Salamanca and South Valley.
Cattaraugus County African American Civil War Soldiers
Allen, Elias. Salamanca. 2nd U.S. Colored Regiment.
Norris, Joseph. Hinsdale. 22nd Cavalry. Credited to Livonia, New York.
Maybee, Abram “Abe.” Ellicottville. 20th U.S. Colored Troops.
Sheffield, Henry [or Wesley]. Ellicottville.
Sheffield, James M. “Marsh.” Ellicottville. 43rd U.S. Colored Troops.
Sheffield, William H. Ellicottville. 26th U.S. Colored Troops. (Marsh’s father.)
Cattaraugus County Native American Civil War Soldiers and Sailors
Armstrong, Nathaniel. South Valley. 13th New York Heavy Artillery.
Bigkettle, James. Salamanca. 13th New York Heavy Artillery.
Blackchief, Simon. Salamanca. 188th New York Infantry.
Bucktooth, Ira. South Valley. 51st Pennsylvania. Killed in service.
Fattey, Cornelius. Salamanca. 13th New York Heavy Artillery. Bugler. Also claimed by South Valley.
Gordon, Bennett. Salamanca. 104th New York Infantry.
Jimeson, Cyrus. Salamanca. Navy.
Jimeson, Moses. Salamanca. 157th New York.
Jimeson, Robert. Salamanca. Killed at Petersburg.
Jimeson, Thompson. Salamanca.
Jimmeson, Jacob T. Salamanca. 13th New York Heavy Artillery. Died in hospital.
King, Wooster. Salamanca. 57th Pennsylvania and 13th New York Heavy Artillery.
Martin, R. E. Salamanca. 13th New York Heavy Artillery.
Patterson, Samuel. Salamanca. Navy. Died at Belle Isle.
Pierce, Lewis. Salamanca. 104th New York Infantry.
Pierce, Willet. South Valley. 57th Pennsylvania.
Pierce, Wilson. Salamanca.
Plummer, Cornelius. Salamanca. 104th New York Infantry.
Redeye, Martin. Salamanca. 13th New York Heavy Artillery.
Scroggs, Thomas. Salamanca. 13th New York Heavy Artillery.
Shongo, Thomas. Salamanca.
Spencer, B. South Valley. 104th New York Infantry.
Thompson, Ebenezer. South Valley. 88th Pennsylvania Infantry.
Titus, Dennis C. Salamanca. 13th New York Heavy Artillery.
Uncles, Frederick. Salamanca. 13th New York Heavy Artillery.
Williams, Levi T. Salamanca. Killed in battle.